Some colleagues are surprised or taken back by journal charges; however, persons not directly involved in the business side of publishing may not have taken the time to understand the rationale for the charges. Moreover, the recent proliferation of journals whose obvious focus is the for-profit generation of revenue without regard to science constitutes a development that creates a major problem for reputable journals that must charge to deliver its service to the academic and practice communities. Whereas most journals associated with or owned by large professional associations typically do not charge, journals owned by small organizations, groups, or individuals have no other choice without incurring financial jeopardy. A professional organization has subscribing members, perhaps in the thousands or tens of thousands, and a portion of member dues goes toward production of one or more associated journals. Large organizations also may sell advertising space to enhance their revenue, but which results in “clutter” in the publication, thereby detracting from the articles’ “scholarly esthetics.”