Keywords:GMO, standards, GM foods, labeling, regulation
The controversies surrounding genetically modified organism (GMO) labeling motivated to assess the legitimate concerns of different stakeholders. This article provides a brief overview on GM labeling regulations and conceptual differences in labeling policies adapted by different countries. Mandatory labeling perspectives of consumers and producers were carefully evaluated. On the basis of the evaluation, it is argued that mandatory labeling does not provide any meaningful information to the consumers. The shortfalls of detection techniques and conflicting roles of governing authorities to approve the GM products after rigorous trials and experimentation on one hand and imposing stringent regulation on the other complicates the issue further, resulting in technological hurdle. In conclusion, the regulatory authorities should at least consider avoiding mandatory labeling on approved GMOs while a unified traceability system should be considered at regional level to monitor risk management of GM products on health and environment. Policy regulations imposed on GMO on unwarranted grounds would be an obstacle for further development of the technology. Therefore, consensus among different stakeholders is crucial for benefiting technologies.